This survey on “Community-Oriented Policing” was conducted in Mongolia between March and April 2008. The report consists of two main parts: one is an analysis of questionnaires administered to law enforcement officials, and the other to community and civil society representatives; the second is a narrative report based on information gathered from interviews, participant observation and general observation that enhanced the questionnaire data. The latter part of the report is a summation of the analysis and provides discussion related to the nature of the relationship between the police and the community in survey sites. OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of the survey were to examine and assess the present relationship between the police and target communities, and to identify the strengths and weaknesses in these relationships. The survey aims to diagnose police-community relations, and to suggest possible ways of enhancing and strengthening relations in order to improve dialogue and the provision of policing services in urban and rural communities across Mongolia. This survey contributes directly to efforts initiated by the Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs (MOJHA) to reform the enforcement and police services in Mongolia. SURVEY METHODOLOGY: Several methodologies were employed in conducting the survey. Data was gathered through a questionnaire, participant interviews and observation, as well as through secondary source information taken from previous surveys, books and published materials. The questionnaires were administered after enumerators had spent time in the target communities and among the police, with whom trust, legitimacy and credibility were established. Such observation and participation helped to ensure the quality and accuracy of information gathered through the questionnaire, and enabled enumerators to obtain valuable additional information that otherwise would not have been elicited. For example, most police said that they were committed to their work, which in practice proved to be an overstatement. In addition to neighbourhood police, lawyers, prosecutors and high-ranking police officials were also interviewed. Fifty police and 50 members of the community, representing a cross-section of society, took part in the survey. Non-random sampling was used in order to ensure geographic and socio-economic diversity of the respondents. The General Police Department was consulted on the selection of participants. The survey questionnaire was modelled on prior samples used by The Asia Foundation in Bangladesh and Indonesia, and was adapted for use in Mongolia in consultation with the Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs, police, and social scientists.