Alfons Noviks was born in 1908. In 1940, as the USSR had just annexed Latvia, he became People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of Soviet Latvia. As such he was the head of the State Security and of the NKVD (former KGB). Between 1940 and 1953, he is believed to have been actively involved in numerous deportations carried out on behalf of the USSR. Over 100'000 Latvians are believed to have been deported to Siberia, and around 150'000 Lithuanians and Estonians have been forced to exile by this policy.