Two years after the fall of President Hosni Mubarak, the Sinai Peninsula remains a significant security challenge for the Egyptian government. In post-revolution Egypt, Sinai became less of a priority as the government dealt with increasing economic and political turmoil throughout the rest of the country. The resulting security vacuum attracted radical elements from all over the Middle East and has increasingly become a concern for both Egypt and Israel. The complicated security environment has allowed both local Bedouin tribes and radical Islamic organisa-tions to operate with near impunity in the region and has presented a significant challenge the Egyptian govern-ment struggles to contain, according to the Carnegie Endowment.
This report summarises the politics and history of the Sinai Peninsula and the indigenous Bedouin tribes. It then gives a brief overview of the militant groups that have recently moved into the region as well as the responses by Egypt, Israel and the international community.