The Inter-Agency Section Committee (IASC) defines protection as “all activities aimed at obtaining full respect for the rights of the individual in accordance with the letter and the spirit of the Human Rights law, the International Humanitarian Law and the Refugee law” National authorities have the primary responsibility for providing full protection to populations displaced within their borders. Yet, when states lack the capacities to effectively protect these populations, international organisations have the responsibility to support them. Such is the case in Afghanistan where the Afghan authorities are currently unable to guarantee the basic necessities of life or other rights of IDPs. Analysts agree that the current level of protection provided to internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Afghanistan is insufficient. Operational challenges partially explain the current gap in analysis and response to the protection needs of IDPs.