In March 2012, the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (the government) launched
a civilian disarmament campaign called Operation Restore Peace, in response to escalating
violence Jonglei State. This is part of a wider set of initiatives aimed at ensuring peace and
stability in Jonglei State, which has been affected by recurring waves of inter-communal
violence, most recently in 2011 and early 2012, including large scale attacks on
communities from December 2011.
The civilian disarmament campaign was launched following a Presidential Decree and will
run for an undefined period of time. In the initial phase - from 12 March to 30 April 2012 –
the disarmament was supposed to be voluntary and community-led. During the second phase,
from 30 April 2012 onwards, the process has involved forced disarmament led by the South
Sudan Armed Forces, known as the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Army (SPLA). In order to carry
out the disarmament process, up to 15,000 additional SPLA soldiers and 5,000 South
Sudan Police Service (SSPS) Auxiliary Forces were deployed to Jonglei State.