Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex [LGBTI] refugees are often among the most vulnerable and
isolated of refugees. This is especially true in places where they are at heightened risk due to violent attacks, discrimination, and laws that criminalize same-sex relations. In addition, in many countries around the world, LGBTI refugees are targets of bias-motivated attacks and sexual and gender-based violence. Around seventy-six countries criminalize consensual same-sex conduct.
After fleeing persecution in their own countries, LGBTI refugees often find themselves at risk again in the countries where they have sought protection.As detailed in this report, LGBTI refugees face particular difficulties in reporting threats or attacks to the police, a problem aggravated by government policies criminalizing same-sex conduct. In this connection, LGBTI refugees are vulnerable to abuse and extortion by police officers, some of whom use laws that criminalize same-sex relations to threaten arrest unless bribes are paid.