The “Arab Spring” uprisings of 2011 triggered a wide set of social movements and regime change across the Middle East and North Africa. While interconnected, uprisings in each nation took different forms and reached varied effects. This paper focuses on the development of conflict in Libya under Muammar Gaddafi and Syria under Bashar al-Assad in order to flesh out distinctions and interactions between uprisings, revolution, and civil war. My research first standardizes a conceptual definition of civil war from a long¬standing scholarly debate. The presence or absence of civil war is examined in correlation to five specific independent variables drawn from the cases and past examinations of civil war: the nature of the governmental regime, territoriality of the conflict, militarization of the opposing sides, international influence, and regional players. Using Mill’s methods and qualitative analysis of field reports, media briefings, and political rhetoric, I find that the full presence of each of these independent variables accounts for civil war in the Libyan case. In the Syrian case, incomplete presence of the five independent variables has, for the moment, prevented full-fledged civil war. The research thus allows for a more complete understanding of what constitutes civil war and provides a framework for conflict analysis as Arab Spring movements develop.