The report addresses the fact that the spheres of security and development significantly overlap in fragile and conflict-affected countries, the respective responses remain largely disconnected. Only by securing development, can roots be deep enough to break the cycle of fragility and violence. Firstly, to facilitate the transition from war to peace and later to foster stability so that development can generate progress over a decade and beyond. In order to do this, the authors believe all development actors need to rethink development assistance creatively as well as learn from the other side: security-focused operations and programs. This paper reports on a consultative dialogue between the World Bank and Australia's whole-of-government spectrum of institutions, with a focus on development actors hearing the security perspective. In this, the authors join a growing process of dialogue between accidental partners development and security actors, unfamiliar with each other but faced with the same challenge of being engaged in fragile and conflict-affected environments. From the authors perspective, engaging in thinking about integration or coordination between development and security embarks on largely unknown territory. However, over the last fifteen to twenty years, Australia has engaged in several unprecedented models of crisis response, integrating security and development, and the authors welcome the opportunity to bring that experience into the broader global discussion.