Almost eight years since the Council adopted its landmark resolution 1325 (2000), an increasing and alarming number of women and girls are falling victim to sexual violence in conflict. Sexual violence poses a grave threat to women’s security in fragile post-conflict countries, and undermines efforts to cement peace. It strikes women who are already struggling to survive and keep their families together in a generalized climate of fear. The breakdown of law and order makes women all the more vulnerable to attacks, and leaves them with virtually no recourse to justice. Survivors are often so badly stigmatized that they can hardly even hope for a normal life. Outcast by their societies, they rarely seek redress. Even when they do have the courage to come forward despite the humiliations this can bring, the justice system too often fails and the perpetrators run free. This feeds a culture of impunity, which does nothing to discourage more attacks. And so the vicious circle rolls forward.